java – Java Example of 8-stream FlatMap method

Given this:

  public class SalesTerritory
    {
        private String territoryName;
        private Set<String> geographicExtents;

        public SalesTerritory( String territoryName, Set<String> zipCodes )
        {
            this.territoryName = territoryName;
            this.geographicExtents = zipCodes;
        }

        public String getTerritoryName()
        {
            return territoryName;
        }

        public void setTerritoryName( String territoryName )
        {
            this.territoryName = territoryName;
        }

        public Set<String> getGeographicExtents()
        {
            return geographicExtents != null ? Collections.unmodifiableSet( geographicExtents ) : Collections.emptySet();
        }

        public void setGeographicExtents( Set<String> geographicExtents )
        {
            this.geographicExtents = new HashSet<>( geographicExtents );
        }

        @Override
        public int hashCode()
        {
            int hash = 7;
            hash = 53 * hash + Objects.hashCode( this.territoryName );
            return hash;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals( Object obj )
        {
            if ( this == obj ) {
                return true;
            }
            if ( obj == null ) {
                return false;
            }
            if ( getClass() != obj.getClass() ) {
                return false;
            }
            final SalesTerritory other = (SalesTerritory) obj;
            if ( !Objects.equals( this.territoryName, other.territoryName ) ) {
                return false;
            }
            return true;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString()
        {
            return "SalesTerritory{" + "territoryName=" + territoryName + ", geographicExtents=" + geographicExtents + '}';
        }

    }

and this:

public class SalesTerritories
{
    private static final Set<SalesTerritory> territories
        = new HashSet<>(
            Arrays.asList(
                new SalesTerritory[]{
                    new SalesTerritory( "North-East, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Maine", "New Hampshire", "Vermont",
                                                                                    "Rhode Island", "Massachusetts", "Connecticut",
                                                                                    "New York", "New Jersey", "Delaware", "Maryland",
                                                                                    "Eastern Pennsylvania", "District of Columbia" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Appalachia, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "West-Virgina", "Kentucky",
                                                                                    "Western Pennsylvania" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "South-East, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Virginia", "North Carolina", "South Carolina",
                                                                                    "Georgia", "Florida", "Alabama", "Tennessee",
                                                                                    "Mississippi", "Arkansas", "Louisiana" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Mid-West, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Ohio", "Michigan", "Wisconsin", "Minnesota",
                                                                                    "Iowa", "Missouri", "Illinois", "Indiana" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Great Plains, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Oklahoma", "Kansas", "Nebraska",
                                                                                    "South Dakota", "North Dakota",
                                                                                    "Eastern Montana",
                                                                                    "Wyoming", "Colorada" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Rocky Mountain, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Western Montana", "Idaho", "Utah", "Nevada" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "South-West, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Arizona", "New Mexico", "Texas" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Pacific North-West, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "Washington", "Oregon", "Alaska" } ) ) ),
                    new SalesTerritory( "Pacific South-West, USA",
                                        new HashSet<>( Arrays.asList( new String[]{ "California", "Hawaii" } ) ) )
                }
            )
        );

    public static Set<SalesTerritory> getAllTerritories()
    {
        return Collections.unmodifiableSet( territories );
    }

    private SalesTerritories()
    {
    }

}

We can then do this:

System.out.println();
System.out
    .println( "We can use 'flatMap' in combination with the 'AbstractMap.SimpleEntry' class to flatten a hierarchical data-structure to a set of Key/Value pairs..." );
SalesTerritories.getAllTerritories()
    .stream()
    .flatMap( t -> t.getGeographicExtents()
        .stream()
        .map( ge -> new SimpleEntry<>( t.getTerritoryName(), ge ) )
    )
    .map( e -> String.format( "%-30s : %s",
                              e.getKey(),
                              e.getValue() ) )
    .forEach( System.out::println );

Leave a comment