java – Custom thread pool in Java 8 parallel streaming

I tried the custom ForkJoinPool as follows to adjust the pool size:

private static Set<String> ThreadNameSet = new HashSet<>();
private static Callable<Long> getSum() {
    List<Long> aList = LongStream.rangeClosed(0, 10_000_000).boxed().collect(Collectors.toList());
    return () -> aList.parallelStream()
            .peek((i) -> {
                String threadName = Thread.currentThread().getName();
            .reduce(0L, Long::sum);

private static void testForkJoinPool() {
    final int parallelism = 10;

    ForkJoinPool forkJoinPool = null;
    Long result = 0L;
    try {
        forkJoinPool = new ForkJoinPool(parallelism);
        result = forkJoinPool.submit(getSum()).get(); //this makes it an overall blocking call

    } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
    } finally {
        if (forkJoinPool != null) {
            forkJoinPool.shutdown(); //always remember to shutdown the pool

Here is the output that says the pool is using more threads than the default 4 .

[ForkJoinPool-1-worker-8, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-9, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-6, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-11, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-10, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-1, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-15, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-13, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-4, ForkJoinPool-1-worker-2]

But there is actually a weirdo when I tried to get the same result using ThreadPoolExecutor as follows:

BlockingDeque blockingDeque = new LinkedBlockingDeque(1000);
ThreadPoolExecutor fixedSizePool = new ThreadPoolExecutor(10, 20, 60, TimeUnit.SECONDS, blockingDeque, new MyThreadFactory("my-thread"));

but I failed.

It will only start parallelStream in a new thread and then everything else is the same, that again it shows that parallelStream will use ForkJoinPool to start its child threads.

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